Thursday, August 27, 2020
Questions: 1.Why is this Case an Example of Traditional Knowledge? 2.What exercises from this case could be utilized in future Traditional Knowledge Cases? 3.What are the Moral Issue apparent in this Case? Answers: 1.The instance of restorative patent debate is a case of conventional information since India is a pioneer in the arrangement of a few standard strategies and techniques by its indigenous network. The thought of shielding, barrier and advancement of the conventional information is essentially huge for creating India as it hold rich inheritance in Traditional Knowledge and its biodiversity gives an imperative job in the areas like wellbeing, sanitation, workmanship, and music and so on. 2.The case gives various looks to future customary information cases because of its certifiable reaction got by the legitimacy of material confirmations created by conventional information computerized library (TKDL). The intense advance of TKDL opens the new measurements in empowering expedient and cost free withdrawal of future patent applications. The case settled different contentions in customary information like encroachment of patent law, outer weights of worldwide enactment on Indian patent law, insurance of Indian culture, and non-inconvenience of genuine expense (Dutfield, 2010). 3.The good issue for the situation appeared by factor like India give equivalent inclination to both monetary and good rights respect to the insurance of Traditional information. With regards to the case, the ethical issue was to save a center substance of information on therapeutic definitions. Such restorative definition was picked up by endeavors of indigenous network which was communicated in their semantic dialects. It plainly clear that India esteems the customary information on the indigenous Indians (Dagne, 2012) References Dutfield, G. (2010).Intellectual property, biogenetic assets, and conventional information. Earthscan. Dagne, T. W. (2012).Intellectual Property, Traditional Knowledge and Biodiversity in the Global Economy: The Potential of Geographical Indications for Protecting Traditional Knowledge-Based Agricultural Products(Doctoral paper).
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Question: Examine about the Structures in Prevailing Market Structure. Answer: Each industry has a predominant market structure. In financial matters, advertise structure alludes to the particular social association that exists among purchasers and merchants in a specific market. They are models of business sectors that depict a particular social structure among purchasers and merchants of that showcase. It is the example where purchasers and dealers in a specific market are orchestrated together. Different attributes decide the market structure, among them the relations of merchants in the market to one another, the relations of purchasers in the market to one another and the relationship of venders to the purchasers. The significant sorts of market structures are an oligopoly, restraining infrastructure, immaculate rivalry, and monopolistic rivalry. There are different highlights of a market structure. The level of dealer focus decides the number and size dispersion of firms delivering a given item in the market. Also, the degree of purchaser fixation mirrors the number and size dissemination of clients for a specific market (Ellisckson n.d.). Correspondingly, the degree of item separation decides the distinction in the items created by different firms. In conclusion, the condition to advertise passage is additionally important for showcase structure assurance (Levin 2009). Every one of these highlights help decide if a market is an oligopoly, imposing business model, or superbly serious. Oligopoly Market Structure in Australia An oligopolistic advertise structure has barely any huge firms command the market. Frequently, these organizations have a critical piece of the overall industry and high market power. Albeit just a couple of huge organizations overwhelm the market, it workable for private venture to likewise work in the market. Notwithstanding, the enormous organizations conspire in the market to make high hindrances to section, making it hard for little firms to flourish in the market. The items in this market are profoundly separated. Accordingly, the opposition is frequently of non-value factors (Tyers 2014). Also, the activities of firms in this market are related. In that capacity, the activities of one firm influences different organizations in the business. It is significant that oligopoly is the most dominating business sector structure in Australia. Different enterprises are served by oligopolistic firms, among them general stores, and the air transport segment. In Australia, two significant market chains control the business. In particular, Coles and Woolworths control somewhere in the range of 70 and 80 percent of the all out piece of the pie (Australian Oligopolies 2014). The staying 30 percent is a little boutique specialty involved by the IGA gathering, Aldi and a pontoon id littler autonomous organizations (Supermarket Sweep 2013). Imposing business models Market Structure A monopolistic market structure is described by the strength of one single vender in the whole market. In this market, the firm can decide and sets its costs at a point that boosts its benefits. There are extraordinary boundaries to passage in this market brought about by either the nearness of innovative obstructions, high capital prerequisites, licenses, government guidelines and circulation overheads (Irvin 2010). Purchasers have constrained options as the monopolists items regularly need close substitutes. This economic situation for the most part emerges from take-overs, mergers, and securing of firms. Restraining infrastructures can be set up by the administration, structure by incorporation or structure normally. The Australian Securities Exchange is an ideal case of an imposing business model market structure. The Securities Exchange has incredible predominance in the significant markets of banking and account. It has developed its business to where it wires with the mechanical assembly of government (Khan 2016). Be that as it may, the Australian Securities advertise is imperfect with nonstop administrative concession. There is constrained rivalry. Subsequently, there is expanded expenses to the end clients, particularly financial specialists and store administrators in the nation (West 2013). What's more, imposing business models smother development and headway rendering the market is wasteful. Monopolistic Competition in Australia This market structure consolidates the components of superbly serious market and restraining infrastructures. Its a type of flawed rivalry where numerous venders produce separated items. Henceforth, their items are nor ideal substitutes as items vary with respect to quality and marking. It is significant that a firm regularly takes the costs charged by different organizations and overlooks the impact of its activities to that of its adversaries (Krugman Obstfeld 2008). Furthermore, the market is portrayed by a couple of boundaries to passage and exit. For the most part, purchasers see that there are non-value contrasts among the contender's items, and subsequently don't think about these items as impeccable substitutes. Products are heterogeneous. Subsequently, rivalry monopolists contend on non-value factors dependent on this unpretentious item separation (Pettinger 2008). In short run, firms may make supernormal benefits. Be that as it may, in the long haul, it will just make back the initial investment, making typical benefits. This can be ascribed to the way that request diminishes and the normal costs increment over the long haul (Baum McPherson 2012). This recommends a monopolistically serious market makes zero monetary benefits in the long haul. Makers have some level of command over their cost. The Hotel and Restaurant industry in Australia is a genuine case of monopolistic rivalry in Australia. In that capacity, there are different significant cafÃ©s in the nation which practice a level of market power dependent on their separated items. The top cafÃ©s in the nation incorporate Attica, Sepia, Quay, Ester, Sixpenny, Bennelong, and Rockpool, among others (Australias Top Restaurants 2016). Quite, item separation among cafÃ©s licenses showcase division which thus empowers singular organizations to set their costs inside cutoff points (Monopolistic Competition 2006) Restaurants regularly depend on publicizing their items and menus to feature the genuine and saw contrasts between their items and those of the contenders. It is the ideal degree of publicizing uses that expands the organizations benefits. End The structure of a given market assumes a huge job in deciding the connection between its constituents. The market structure impacts the level of rivalry, the quantity of firms, and the quantity of venders. Likewise, it decides the degree of item separation in the market. In Australia, there are different market structures, for example, imposing business models, oligopolies, monopolistic rivalry. Remarkably, the kind of market structure decides the degree to which a firm can change the cost of its items without influencing its deals and losing its clients. Consequently, it is significant for organizations to comprehend the market structure in which it works. Reference List Australia's Top Restaurants. (2016). Australias Top 100 Restaurants 2016. [Online] Available from: https://www.australiastoprestaurants.com/top100 [Accessed 4 Dec. 2016]. Baum, S. what's more, McPherson, M. 2009, Monopolistic Competition and the Very Small College. [Online] Available from: https://www.chronicle.com/online journals/advancements/monopolistic-rivalry and-the-extremely little school/31279 [Accessed 4 Dec. 2016]. Ellickson B. Market Structure and Performance. first ed. [Pdf] University of Rochester, pp. 2-13. Accessible from: https://paulellickson.com/MarketStructure.pdf[Accessed 2 Dec. 2016]. Reference book Britannica. (2006). monopolistic rivalry | financial matters. [Online] Available from: https://www.britannica.com/subject/monopolistic-rivalry [Accessed 4 Dec. 2016]. Irvine, J. (2010). Escape restraining infrastructure free cards can't be left to the move of the shakers. [Online] The Sydney Morning Herald. Accessible from: https://www.smh.com.au/government legislative issues/political-supposition/escape syndication free-cards-cannot be-left-to-the-move of-the-dice-20101026-172ax.html [Accessed 4 Dec. 2016]. Khan, S. (2016) Oligopolies and Monopolistic Competition [Online] Available from: https://www.khanacademy.org/financial aspects account area/microeconomics/impeccable rivalry subject/monopolistic-rivalry oligop/v/oligopolies-and-monopolisitc-competition[Accessed 2 Dec. 2016]. Krugman, P, and Obstenfeld, M 2008, International Economics: Theory and Policy, Addison-Wesley Levin, J. (2009). Passage and Market Structure. first ed. [ebook] Stanford: Stanford University, pp.23-40. Accessible from: https://web.stanford.edu/~jdlevin/Econ%20257/Entry%20and%20Market%20Structure.pdf [Accessed 4 Dec. 2016]. Pettinger, T. (n.d.). Monopolistic Competition. [Online] Economics Help. Accessible from: https://www.economicshelp.org/blog/311/markets/monopolistic-rivalry/[Accessed 2 Dec. 2016]. The Economist. (2013). Grocery store clear. [Online] Available from: https://www.economist.com/news/england/21576675-cold-wind-rivalry clears lawful administrations showcase store clear [Accessed 4 Dec. 2016]. The Grapevine. (2014). Australian Oligopolies. [Online] Available from: https://blog.adonline.id.au/oligopolies/[Accessed 4 Dec. 2016]. West, M. (2013). Syndication conveyed on a platter. [Online] The Sydney Morning Herald. Accessible from: https://www.smh.com.au/business/imposing business model conveyed on-a-platter-20130519-2jurg.html [Accessed 4 Dec. 2016].
Friday, August 21, 2020
Blog Archive Kellogg and Duke Fuqua Announce 2017-2018 Application Deadlines and Essays This week, the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University released its 2017-2018 MBA application deadlines and essay questions. Essay Questions: For 2017-2018, the following two essays are required of all applicants: Kelloggâs purpose is to educate, equip inspire brave leaders who create lasting value. Tell us about a time you have demonstrated leadership and created lasting value. What challenges did you face, and what did you learn? (450 words) Pursuing an MBA is a catalyst for personal and professional growth. How have you grown in the past? How do you intend to grow at Kellogg? (450 words) Certain applicants will respond to additional questions: Dual-degree applicants: For applicants to the MMM or JD-MBA dual degree programs, please explain why that program is right for you. (250 words) Re-applicants: Since your previous application, what steps have you taken to strengthen your candidacy? (250 word limit) All applicants have the opportunity to provide explanations or clarification in Additional Information: If needed, use this section to briefly describe any extenuating circumstances (e.g. unexplained gaps in work experience, choice of recommenders, inconsistent or questionable academic performance, etc.) (no word count) In our essay analysis, we present our thoughts on how to address each of these prompts for 2017â"2018. The Fuqua School of Business at Duke University also released its 2017-2018 deadlinesâ"along with its application essay questions. Essay Questions: 1. Share with us a list of 25 Random Things about yourself. 2. Based on your understanding of the Fuqua culture, how do you see yourself engaging in and contributing to our community, outside of the classroom? In our essay analysis, we offer our advice for approaching each of Fuquaâs prompts for this season. For a complete list of 2017-2018 business school deadlines, be sure to check our Application Deadlines page. We will be updating our list as business schools release them. Do you plan to apply to Kellogg or Duke Fuqua this fall? Be sure to download our free Insiderâs Guides and be sure to sign up for a free 30-minute consultation with one of our Senior Consultants! Share ThisTweet Business School Deadlines Duke University (Fuqua) Northwestern University (Kellogg)
Monday, May 25, 2020
Ryan Bankston 3/2/16 2B History Section 1: Identification and Evaluation of sources This investigation will explore the question: What were the causes that lead to Prohibition s failure in the United States? This investigation will follow the years 1893 through 1933 to analyze the reasons for Prohibition s failure as well as a shift away from Prohibition. The Prohibition era in the United States is most notably remembered for its inability to sober up the nation. According to Mark Thornton, a historian from Cato Institute, prohibition had some initial success but ultimately led to an increase in government spending in an attempt to curve the alcohol consumption in the U.S. even though the government was not obtaining tax dollars from alcohol. Also, those who could not obtain alcohol then turned to drugs such as opium and cocaine which would potentially deal much more harm to you than alcohol could. This source mentions some of the daunting problems with prohibition in the United States. The purpose of this source was to provide a broad overview of the effects of prohibition in the United States. The origin of this source was from a member of Cato Institute in which it was written as a secondary source. The value of this source was the ability to gain a broad understanding of the effects of prohibition. A limiting factor of this source would be that it was not written during the time period of prohibition and lacks primary information from those who experienced itShow MoreRelatedIdentification And Evaluation Of Sources2023 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesIdentification and Evaluation of Sources Source 1: A Letter from Albert Einstein to President Franklin D. Roosevelt This source was written by Albert Einstein in 1939. At the time of the publication of this letter, Einstein had retired from his job as the director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in Berlin, Germany and had immigrated to the United States (Biography, Bio.com). Einstein with scientists Enrico Fermi and Leo Szilard lobbied the U.S. government to take action in funding a research programRead MoreIdentification And Evaluation Of Sources Essay2003 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pages Section A: Identification and Evaluation of sources This research paper is on the question of , What was the United States and other nations Response to the Rape of Nanking? This question is highly important for historians because it gives a view on how governments dealt with atrocities committed by nations and how they intervene. One source that is valid to the topic would be They Were in Nanjing: The Nanjing MassacreRead MoreIdentification And Evaluation Of Sources2056 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesIdentification and Evaluation of Sources The British were renowned for their ability to colonize due to their strong naval resources and ambition. Among the lands colonized were New Zealand and Australia. Although they are next to each other on the map, EnglandÃ¢â¬â¢s territory-grabbing past begs the question Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å"To what extent does the colonization of Australia differ from the colonization of New Zealand?Ã¢â¬ The focus of this investigation is to analyze the reasons for the British colonization of both areasRead MoreIdentification And Evaluation Of Sources2146 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesIdentification and evaluation of Sources This paper is going to use two major historical secondary sources as far as the persecution of the Jews between 1933-1945 in Germany is concerned. It generally addresses the question, Ã¢â¬Å"to what extent did pope Pius xii support HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s persecution of the Jews?Ã¢â¬ One of the investigative sources which is used, is the book Ã¢â¬ËThe Papacy, the Jews and the Holocaust,Ã¢â¬â¢ written by Frank J Coppa and printed by the Catholic University of America Press in 2006. In thisRead MoreIdentification And Evaluation Of Sources2372 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesCourtney Larson Section 1: Identification and Evaluation of Sources In this paper the question Ã¢â¬Å"How did Sam Ã¢â¬Å"The Banana ManÃ¢â¬ Zemurray change the political organization of Honduras in the 1910Ã¢â¬â¢s?Ã¢â¬ will be examined. The decade of 1910-1920 is used to narrow the span of time that can be considered. Honduras is examined because it was the second largest banana exporter in the world up to 1915, thereafter it was the largest (Bucheli 11). The first source is Ã¢â¬Å"The Fish That Ate The WhaleÃ¢â¬ by Rich CohenRead MoreIdentification And Evaluation Of Main Source1995 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesPart I: Identification Evaluation of Main Source The Vietnam War is a huge part of American history, it is the first war that the United States lost. Many already know what happened to the U.S. during the Vietnam War, but not many know about what happened to Vietnam during the Vietnam War and how the U.S. affected that country. The bias of the Americans not speaking upon what happened to the Vietnamese brings up a question; To what extent has foreign influence by the United States during theRead MoreTechnology : Identification And Evaluation Of Sources2229 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesSection 1: Identification and Evaluation of Sources This investigation will explore the question: How did technological advancements help to shape the Northern victory in the U. S. Civil War? The time frame for the investigation will range from the 1830s to 1865 when the Civil war ended; many technologies were created far prior to the Civil war, but were improved upon or finally put to work beginning around this period. The first source to be evaluated is called Ã¢â¬Å"Mr. Lincoln s High-tech War: HowRead MoreThe Planning Processes at the Far West Elementary School: An Analysis931 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesassessed through evaluations, which represent systematic assessment[s] of the processes and/or outcomes of a program with the intent of furthering its development and improvement (Office of Educational Assessment). The chart below reveals the stages of the planning process and the cyclic nature of evaluation. In other words, there are five stages of project planning, namely needs assessment and goal identification, the identification of the resources and restraints, the identification of the objectivesRead MoreWhat is The Scientific Method, and How is The Theory Applied to Fingerprint Analysis?816 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageshow is the theory applied to fingerprint analysis? The complete friction ridge identification process involves using the identification philosophy and scientific methodology in determining whether or not an unknown friction ridge impression(herein, called latent) came from the same source as a known inked print (herein called print)to the exclusion of all others. (1) David Ashbaugh refers to this identification process as, a guide of how friction ridge quantative-qualititive analysis is transformedRead MoreThe Risk Management Pl A High Level Overview Of The Project Essay1708 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesand adhered to; identify key personnel to carry out risk manager roles; and be involved in the identification, analysis, responses, monitor and control of all identified risks; and further establish a framework for unidentified risks. (b). Contract Department Ã¢â¬â Responsible for developing mitigation and contingency plans and perform the steps required to identify risks, its context, consequences, source and impact of contractual agreements between parties; ensure the documentation on the contractual
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Throughout some slave narratives, slave holders who are Christians are questioned. African- Americans notice the hypocrisy that characterized white Christianity, pointing out the contradiction between God s word and slaveholders cruelty and inhumane way of treating slaves. Slaves noticed this difference, modified their Christian beliefs to become a part of their daily life. Religion became an escape away from their reality. Christianity in African- American literature has different points that are made; slaves learning about religion, the ability to look to God during the bad times that slaves are enduring, and the question of how can white slave masters be considered Christians after committing wrongful actions. Religion had been aÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬Å"AinÃ¢â¬â¢t God dar?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Yes, Joe.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t He know ebery ting?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Yes, Joe.Ã¢â¬ And He gwine to let massa come dar after he been beatin and whippinÃ¢â¬â¢ me for fifty year s? If I go dar and massa is dar, I ll put on my old hat and come straight out of dar.Ã¢â¬â¢ I won t stay in no such a heaven, where they let such a man as massa stay dar.Ã¢â¬ (Anderson 1857). Again, in Our Nig, Ã¢â¬Å"Frado pondered; her mistress was a professor of religion; was she going to heaven? Then she did not want to go.Ã¢â¬ (Wilson 58). Slaves felt like there was no escape when they heard they would meet their master again after death. Was Christianity really what it is said to be? Did God really accept white masters who treat people in such a horrible way? These questions ran through the minds of the slaves. Slaves wanted to learn more about religion to answer their questions. Some were confused when they went to their masterÃ¢â¬â¢s church. They heard the differences between the white church sermons and black community church sermons. Was there really justification for what the masters were doing? This made slaves modify their religion to be a part of their daily life and what they believed God meant for their people. Slaves wanted to learn more about Christianity and religion, but this was hard. Their masters didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want them to become knowledgeable. There was a fear that slaves would become more mannered and cultured. They tried to make the slaves believe that there was no need to pray, the only obligation they hadShow MoreRelatedFrederick Douglass, An American Slave959 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesworldÃ¢â¬ , but for some people it was harder than you would think. I do not know how we get away with slavery, but somehow we did and I hope we never have to go down that road again. On e of the most famous people you hear talking about slavery is Frederick Douglass he is significant because he was once a slave who learned how to read and write and eventually stood up for what he believed in. Frederick Douglass ended up with his own views and he had a lot of different influences throughout his life to makeRead MoreFrederick Douglass s Narrative Of The Life Of Frederick Douglas1674 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswas legal and popular in the southern states, among these slaves, one slave in particular impacted the 19th century was Frederick Douglass. Although he was a slave for most of his life, Douglass eventually became a freeman, a social reform, writer, and an abolitionist for slavery. However, before he became a freeman, Douglass experienced a brutal life as a slave. He faced dehumanization in his early life, but accomplished what most slaves we not allowed to do; which is getting educated, by self-educatingRead More The Narrative of the Life of Fredrick Douglass Essay1 634 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Narrative of the Life of Fredrick Douglass Metal clanks against metal as the chains rub on old scars issuing in another day of toil in the heat with head-down and blood streaming as each new lash is inflicted. This is usually the picture envisioned when one thinks of slavery. While often this is an accurate depiction, there are also many other forms of slavery. The WebsterÃ¢â¬â¢s Dictionary describes slavery as, Ã¢â¬Å"submission to a dominating influence.Ã¢â¬ Everyone has influences that shape whoRead MoreThe Effects Of Slavery : The Narrative Life Of Frederick Douglass915 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSlavery Throughout the life of a slave from the mid 1600s to mid 1800s they would become subjected to various methods of torture, some emotional and some physical, that would ultimately affect them psychologically changing their perspective of the world, simultaneously inspiring some to modify the social structure. Most slaves would unfortunately never experience freedom therefore the truth about their miserable lives would never escape the plantations that they were stationed in, luckily some slavesRead MoreSlavery Was An Institution That Caused By The North And South Of The United States1531 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagessouthern slaveholders. The system was established on the basis of economic profits, cheap labor, and morality of Ã¢â¬Å"savingÃ¢â¬ Africans from their previous lifestyle. The Southern states were notorious slave-holding states, while the North contained few, but far, slave-holders. Despite the number of slaves present in the south, their impact on production effected the econom y in the north. The few but proud abolitionists in the north saw right through southernerÃ¢â¬â¢s proslavery ideology, and refuted theirRead MoreNarrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass: Logically Emotional Appeal942 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesNarrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass: Logically Emotional Appeal Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, is a moving written account of Frederick DouglassÃ¢â¬â¢ harrowing experiences as a slave, and his journey into freedom. In his critical essay Ã¢â¬Å"Douglass and Sentimental Rhetoric,Ã¢â¬ Jefferey Steele argues, that despite being objective, DouglassÃ¢â¬â¢ account is mixed with Pathos, complicating the straightforward chronicle. While pathos is evident in the text, it does not complicate the memoirÃ¢â¬â¢sRead More The Underground Railroad in North Carolina Essay1277 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesyears, and the accounts of escaped slaves from North Carolina. The unique blend of southern slave holder and northern abolitionist influences in the formation of North Carolina served to make the state an important link in the efforts to end slavery inside and outside of North Carolina borders. Although not underground nor a railroad, this informal system became a loosely constructed network of escape routes that originated in the South, intertwined throughout the North, and eventually endedRead MoreCharacter Analysis Of Frederick Douglass1251 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Douglass holds two roles within the Narrative, he is the narrator as well as the main character. As the narrator, he can be subtle and frank. He is practical in his story telling, relating facts and information to his audience and he had to be as detailed and descriptive as possible so to convince others who would otherwise doubt a black mans word that he was in fact telling the truth. As the protagonist, he has a bit more depth and sometimes cannot put his expressions to words. DouglassRead MoreFrederick Douglas And Solomon Northrup Essay1499 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThroughout the years slaveholders made claims that justified why the institution of slavery was acceptable, however, many abolitionist made claims that differed the majority opinion. Abolitionist began to publicize stories advocating truths about this institution. Fredrick Douglas and Solomon Northrup shared their life stories where they exposed their experiences as slaves in the Southern world.Slaves holders make several arguments to justify slavery, meanwhile, slaves themselves completely disagreeRead MoreThe Life Of A Slave Girl By Harriet Jacobs1292 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesof slavery. I chose to focus on two texts: Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl and Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass. In the personal narrative Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, author Harriet Jacobs depicts the various struggles she endured in the course of her life as a young female slave and, as she grew older, a runaway escaped to the Ã¢â¬Å"freeÃ¢â¬ land of the North, referring to herself as Linda Brent. Throughout this story, Jacobs places a heavy emphasis on the ways in which Brent
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Life pre and post of Industrialization Life of people has gone through since the industrial revolution. Lives of people including men, women and children use to be lot different before the revolution and post revolution. The revolution helped certain people in many ways but also there were side effects which were seen in the lives and are seen post revolution. Industrialization has affected many people in particular to the lives of women and men to their way of working. The paper will focus on the different parts of the revolution and more on the life during the agrarian periods, the life post of the industrialization and how in particular affected men and women. Industrialization is known to take place in the 18th and 19th century. InÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Even in businesses, manufacturing was done through hand tools and simple machinery. Looking from todayÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective, life use to be tough pre revolutionary period. There was no better transportation than a cart pul led by horses, there used to be no way to communicate with each other and also all women used to be housewives making food and cleaning house and taking care of everyone. Industrial revolution did change the life styles and also business in their way of working. Industrial revolution gave businesses more profit than what they use to make before the revolution. For example, the cotton plant merchants before the revolution use to weave the cotton by hands and with handmade tools. And their process used to be very slow and the profit compared to post revolution. Industrialization marked a shift to powered, special-purpose machinery, factories and mass production. After the invention of iron and textile industries, production went faster than what use to be. Life before phones and very mass communication was easier. Families used to stay together and use to have family times without the disturbance of the cell phones. Whereas, now a days in the 21st century, phones have made people to not have lot of family time and be distracted all the time. There were many inventions that were seen during the industrial revolution that helped men and women in their work. There had been lot of improvements seen not only in the tools but also in textileShow MoreRelatedThe Nuclear Family Replaced the Extended Family After Industrialisation679 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesone skill for life such as education. Parsons says that the extended family stayed together so they could provide health care for one another and look after the old people whilst the old people looked after the young children whilst the parents were out working. They also pursued justice on behalf of one another; if one family member were hard done by, all the other family members would help sort it out. Parsons believed that the industrial revolution brought about three Read MoreThe And Structure Of Family1095 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesalternative family arrangements. In 1973, Michael Young and Peter Willmott conducted studies of family life within the London area and concluded that the development and changes within the structure of family life can be sorted into three categories of time. (Van Krieken et al. 2017, p. 107). The pre-industrial family (up until the early 19th century), the early industrial family (Industrial Revolution - early 20th century) and the symmetrical family (20th century onwards). Sociological perspectivesRead MoreThe Industrial Revolution And The French Revolution1264 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBoth the Industrial Revolution and the French Revolution induced great social transformations from the end of the 18th century on. The revolutions laid the foundation for the journey of modernization for Great Britain and France. Although the two countries were merely sepa rated by the English Channel, the relatively low degree of pre-industrial international communications hindered the interaction of both events. Nevertheless, it is not coincidental that the revolutions occurred roughly at the sameRead MoreThe Effects of Industrialisation on the Structure of the Family983 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesStructure of the Family The Industrial Revolution was from 1750s - 1850s, which had four main effects. One was the Economic system becoming industrial from agriculture, the second was Mechanisation meaning production in factories becoming more efficient, the third was Urbanisation and the fourth was population explosion - low mobility rate and higher birth rate. Tallcott Parsons (1950s) believed that the extended family in pre Industrial Britain was the most beneficialRead MoreIndustrial Revolutions During Europe During The Industrial Revolution1298 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIndustrial Revolution in Europe Before the industrial revolution, Europe was mostly dominated by farmers but as the industrial revolution progressed this changed dramatically. Industrial revolution had a significant impact in the process by making new demands that shaped the way of life through increased competition and technological innovation. Generally, it was a historical period that sparked in a stroke a number numerous changes in the economic, social and political dimensions. It is consideredRead MoreDiscuss Changing Family Structures in the Uk and Give Examples of Sociological Theories That Provide Explanations as to Why and How Families Have Changed.1123 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageschanges. During the pre-industrial society the Ã¢â¬Ëextended familyÃ¢â¬â¢ was the most common family structure. This family structure involves three generations including the parents, children and either the grandparents (vertical-extended) or uncles and aunts (horizontally-extended). The extended family structure was essential for this society as families were a Ã¢â¬Ëunit of productionÃ¢â¬â¢ so they needed as many workers as they could get. Michael Anderson (1971) argued that in Ã¢â¬Ëcritical life situationsÃ¢â¬â¢ there wasRead MoreDemographic Transition Model Essay1368 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesliving. The change that had occurred had brought forth global observation; the reason being is that life expectancy was becoming longer. Within this change, a graph was created called the Demographic Transition Model. This graph recorded and explained the observation of the numbers of death and birth rates throughout the years. The demographic transition was new to explain the change from a pre-industrial to present demographic system. The reason why this demographic graph was created was for the observationRead MoreThe Effect of Industrial Revolution on Britain Essay1517 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Effect of Industrial Revolution on Britain An industrial revolution is the term generally applied to the complex of economic changes which are involved in the transformation of a pre-industrial, traditional type of economy, characterized by low productivity and normally stagnant growth rates, to a modern industrialized stage of economic development, in which output per head and standards of living are relatively high, and economic growth is normally sustained. Read MoreRole Of Women During The Industrial Revolution1534 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesBrianna La Plant Michael Amrozowicz Final Paper 13 May 2016 Roles of Women Before the Industrial Revolution womenÃ¢â¬â¢s roles were much different than after. Mainly, they were to care for their homes while the husband was at work, to nurture and to bear children. Aside from their husbands, they had no legal identity and were dependent upon what income he brought home. Since the men were the breadwinners, their true manhood was tested by how well a man could provide for his familyRead MoreThe Industrial Revolution And Its Impact On Architecture1109 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescovered the history of the Industrial Revolution and its impact on the building process from the 18th century to the 19th century. Beginning in the 18th century and throughout the 19th century, new machinery, and industrially fabricated materials began to appear on construction sites. Entering the 20th century there was a real attempt to adopt the industrial manufacturing processes from the previous centuries, due to a high demand for housing and construction during the post war period. It wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t until
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss About The Performance Management In The Public Sector? Answer: Introduction Performance management is a vital part of the job of every manager and it implies that managers need to manage and deal with poor performance of the employees. Managers most of the time consider this as one of the most undesirable responsibilities that is a part of the job, as most often the perception of handling poor performance is troubled by feelings of stressed, uncomfortable conditions that might end up in denial, anger or finger pointing. It should be understood by the managers that poor performance requires immediate addressing (Pollitt 2013). This report would be acting as a brief of the issue of poor performing employees that has brought about challenges in the organization. The approach of the paper would be focused on providing the latest evidence related to the issue and accordingly provide feasible recommendations. Literature Review Management of poor employee performance must not be a huge event, it must be fast and comparatively painless for both parties, the managers and the employees, and anything that is carried out incrementally at the first sign of deviance in an expected conduct. If poor performances remains unaddressed for long time periods and often, it might become a huge issue and be apparent itself inside a situation which could go out of control. Significantly, managers need to understand that poor performances that do not get addressed easily is actually considered by the employees as being condoned by managers. It is due to the fact that people respect what is inspected and not what is expected. Consequently, the team, the people pays attention to what the managers pay attention to (Bach 2012). In an organization, low performers are looking for a leader or a manger who takes a hands-off approach and treats each employee equally. They look for managers who are not keeping track, who ignore perform ance issues and do not instruct on what to do and how to do. Low performers are the greatest beneficiaries of under management. A typical hands off manager eludes dealing with any kind of performance problems until they can no more be ignored. However, regular engagement with problems solving would solve most of the performance problems quickly and easily, or they can be avoided altogether (Buckingham and Goodall 2015). Identification of the problem In spite of individual preferences or abhorrence, managers must work on being objective, focus on the lead (not the personality) and ask in the matter of why are they not executing as they are depended upon them to. Particularly a manager must choose whether there is some sort of task interference or consequence imbalance happening (Haines and St-Onge 2012). Task interference implies anything that shields the agent from playing out their business to a typical standard. This can be something as essential as another procedure or structure that has influenced the delegate to be less productive, or it can be something that the specialist doesn't have, as suitable resources, contraptions, capacities or training (this fuses managerial support) (Novakovic et al. 2013). Workers experience consequence imbalance when there's a muddle between their exercises and the consequences of those exercises, for instance, a manager fail to follow up when they said they would. By and large managers may see that the team is performing outstandingly, yet if they haven't put aside a couple of minutes to before long watch who are and aren't the bona fide drivers of team performance, they praise everyone. To the poor performers, this fortifies their deficient direct and for the best performers it can influence them to address why they should work harder and convey more, just to have their justified affirmation given to others (Van Dooren, Bouckaert and Halligan 2015). Along these lines, a consequence imbalance happens when negative lead is insistently adjusted (e.g. no move is made to address it) or when positive direct makes a negative outcome (e.g. no affirmation or feedback) (Samnani and Singh 2014). Factors contributing to poor work performance Short of training performance of high bore and benchmark is completely unimaginable, that is the reason every affiliation has human resource change section to guarantee that their work compel obtain the principal aptitudes to play out their occupations. Performance of raised desire and quality only depends upon all around talented work. Nonappearance of data can be dangerous to the specialist's employment (Driskell and Salas 2013). Each association should be resourced to accomplish its destinations and objectives effectively. Absence of resources hampers the production no matter what (Daley 2012). Astoundingly enthusiastic people proportional to performance of restrictive necessity while in contrast people with low soul counterparts to poor work performance. This ends up being sure that people's thriving is continually key for the affiliation's performance (Maslach and Jackson 2013). Poor performance has undesirable concerns in the affiliation and besides to the photo of people. It similarly happened that poor performance should be tended to with incite affect consequently in case it is not overseen it has horrible consequences. Poor performance ought not to be ignored in light of the way that it can incite unfixable situation. Poor work performance stains the photo of the affiliation and runs the work put boisterous and discourage people that are steady representatives. A long way past people were convinced to be mortified to be connected with the poor performing affiliation (Pinder 2014). How to improve employee performance Communication expect a noteworthy part in the relationship to ensure that people comprehend their parts and obligations the affiliation they are working for. The path in which the rules are given to people is moreover crucial to check misguided judgment. It similarly unfurled in the examination that once in a while communication is unclear influencing people to execute wrong bearings (Vogelgesang, Leroy and Avolio 2013). Extraordinarily vivacious people make extraordinary end product and executes at a strange state. Motivation is one of the interferences to invigorate irregular state performance. Regulating for most extraordinary performance as the necessity to direct performance sufficiently at either individual level or the work team following lessons stay fixated on the general target while evaluating evidence regarding performance that develops the groundwork of the past lessons. Constructing a strong team, constructing trust and obligation, managers are to safeguard the laborers are significantly enthusiastic by perceiving the exertion they put to elevate the performance standard (Manzoor 2012). Recommendations The revelations exposed that the aspects affecting the performance ought to be tended to with provoke affect and be seen over some extend of time to guarantee moderate viable development in refining the performance of the people named on operational environment. Interferences are to be completed to train, rouse and invigorate the people thus enhancing their affirmation. Incite intercession from Cluster and Provincial level would moreover be commended with the relationship of the Employee Health and Wellness Services for certainty enable activities, to work relations for information conferring to business related issues, for instance, punitive techniques, and Legal Services for honest to goodness gauges to train the personnel thorough of the station organization about. It is thus recommended - Poor performance is focused to instantly relating the right strategies (Buckingham and Goodall 2015). Interventions that would enable members to achieve better to be realized, for instance, enhanced work relations with the organization, Improved working circumstances, capacities and capitals assigned at the affiliations be come back to, which implies the part is fitting to perform viably. Affiliation lectures to inform members with the new progressions inside the affiliation. Exclusivity of each environment be tended to with respect to boundlessness and framework. Enlistment assurance and courses of action of occupants should address the field of work. Amend probability for precise livelihoods. Organization to guarantee that communication or relationship with members is kept up to fabricate trust and to win their devotion (Pollitt 2013). Office propriety is kept up continually, for example organization does not call members names and approach to manage adolescents is especially essential. Organization to perceive incredible work by members. Members are incorporated and organization tunes in to their duties. Organization produces the sentiment proprietorship by opening talk tables where the members work together with the organization on the dangerous domains. Organization to exploit the leadership capacities efficiently and proficiently. Affiliation realizes retainment method specific for the members that the affiliation has contributed some unprecedented aptitudes. Affiliation perceives also increased tertiary education by members. Conclusion On a concluding note it has been understood that performance management is a vital part of the job of every manager and it implies that managers need to manage and deal with poor performance of the employees. Some major factors have been identified that contribute towards the poor work performance of employees. Some of these factors are training, resources and motivation. For improving poor employee performance communication and motivation are identified as the most important elements. This report acted as a brief of the issue of poor performing employees that has brought about challenges in the organization. The approach of the paper was focused on providing the latest evidence related to the issue and accordingly provided feasible recommendations. References Bach, S., 2012. Performance management.Managing Human Resources: Human Resource Management in Transition, pp.219-242. Buckingham, M. and Goodall, A., 2015. Reinventing performance management.Harvard Business Review,93(4), pp.40-50. Daley, D.M., 2012. Strategic human resources management.Public Personnel Management, pp.120-125. Driskell, J.E. and Salas, E. eds., 2013.Stress and human performance. Psychology Press. Haines III, V.Y. and St-Onge, S., 2012. Performance management effectiveness: practices or context?.The International Journal of Human Resource Management,23(6), pp.1158-1175. Manzoor, Q.A., 2012. Impact of employees motivation on organizational effectiveness.Business management and strategy,3(1), p.1. Maslach, C. and Jackson, S.E., 2013. A social psychological analysis.Social psychology of health and illness,227. Novakovic, D., Vasic, N., Novakovic, S., Kostic, D. and Bianchini, R., 2013. Deepdive: Transparently identifying and managing performance interference in virtualized environments. InProceedings of the 2013 USENIX Annual Technical Conference(No. EPFL-CONF-185984). Pinder, C.C., 2014.Work motivation in organizational behavior. Psychology Press. Pollitt, C., 2013. The logics of performance management.Evaluation,19(4), pp.346-363. Samnani, A.K. and Singh, P., 2014. Performance-enhancing compensation practices and employee productivity: The role of workplace bullying.Human Resource Management Review,24(1), pp.5-16. Van Dooren, W., Bouckaert, G. and Halligan, J., 2015.Performance management in the public sector. Routledge. Vogelgesang, G.R., Leroy, H. and Avolio, B.J., 2013. The mediating effects of leader integrity with transparency in communication and work engagement/performance.The Leadership Quarterly,24(3), pp.405-413.